The debate on the future of Europe originated from the Nice Treaty. Two years ago, German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer re-launched the idea of a European federation, which he called a "federation of nation-states?. The notion of "federation of nation-states? was inspired by J.Delors' proposal. The global challenges of the new millennium are far from being met. The global challenges of the new millennium are far from being met. Moreover, the extension of the European Union to new countries should also bring in social, democratic and political unity.
[...] It would be their job to co-ordinate European issues with their respective governments. Other ideas are the setting up of a joint police force, Europol, another special police force to control the frontiers of the EU, an economic government in the Euro zone, harmonised business taxes, a joint “action fund” and the definition of “European social rights”. First country to propose a federal system was Germany, with Schroeder and Fischer proclaiming a Federal State of Europe. Sweden, for a start, is relieved that the French federation model is less Federative than the German : is good to see Jospin saying clearly that he does not see a Federal Europe”, declared a relieved Goran Persson, the Swedish Prime Minister. [...]
[...] Title I of the preliminary Draft constitution designed by the Convention on the Future of Europe states the following : Article 1 : European Union 1. The European Union consists of the States and peoples of Europe who in a spirit of solidarity share a community of values and commit themselves to promoting peace, security and progress in Europe and the world The Union is founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and for spiritual and moral values, principles which are common to the Member States On the basis of the acquis communautaire, the Union shall “closely coordinate the policies of the Member States and manage certain shared powers on a federal model". [...]
[...] Ins and Outs of European future The EU continues to be ruled by people elected to run their national governments according to their national interests and not by people elected to run Europe according to the European interest. European democracy and European citizenship remain only slogans as the European citizens still don't have the right to directly decide, with their vote, the government and the policies of Europe. Europe's independence and sovereignty on the global stage are still only distant aspirations. [...]
[...] Schmidt and Giscard's ideas are similar, but they place the Euro-11 states at the centre, rather than just the six founding states. Joschka Fisher argues that the last step of integration is a European Federation. However, enhanced co-operation means nothing more than increased intergovernmentalization. B. Proposals The Federalists argue that a "federation of nation states" would not be enough, if in reality the power of last instance were left in the hands of national governments, each maintaining a veto right. [...]
[...] Electronic sources "From Confederacy to Federation - Thoughts on the finality of European integration" Speech by Joschka Fischer at the Humboldt University in Berlin May 2000 (Translation of advance text) (2000). [WWW] http://www.german-embassy.org.uk/speech_by_foreign_minister_fis.html Address by Jacques Delors the President of the European Commission at the College of Europe, Bruges, October 17th European Federation Now Youth Manifesto for the Future of Europe. (2002). [...]
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