At the heart of the copyright legislation is the concept of copying. Copying upto a certain extent is forgiven on the basis of ?fair dealing'. However, the plaintiff has the problem of proving that copying has occurred. One may conclude that Peterson J. overstated the degree of protection afforded by law to any copyright owner. What is copyright? It is a property right that subsists in certain specified types of works as provided in the Copyright, Designs and Patents Acts 1988. The principal aims of copyright are to make an exclusive right to reproduce the work of an author. The first act about copyright was published in 1709. This act gave protection for printed works for 21 years from the date of printing, and 14 years for unprinted works.
[...] Musical work d. Artistic work 2. sound recordings, films, broadcasts, or cable programs 3. When does copyright protection arise? B. Authorship and Ownership of Copyright C. Authorship 1. Ownership a. Definition D. Right Copyright infringement 1. copying 2. [...]
[...] We cannot have more than one copy per person Public Administration When a copy is made for the Public Administration, like the Royal Commission, there is no infringement under this act, unless the copy is done for a public interest Miscellaneous defences a. Literary, Dramatic, Musical and artistic work They are foreseen by the sections 57-65 of the Act. For example, Section 57 is talking about anonymous or pseudonymous authors, Section 58 about the use or copying of a record of spoken words or material from it purposes of reporting current events, or broadcasting or including in a cable program service subject to certain conditions. [...]
[...] the permitted acts The Copyright Act 1988 contains some permitted acts which excuse some actions that generally infringe the copyright. The most important of these acts are the fair dealing. It is not defined in the act; but from case law. This kind of act permits an infringement of a copyright of a work because the action is fair. This type of action covers the private or public study, review, reporting current events, and criticism. This notion is wide. Indeed, everyone has a different conception of what fair dealing is. [...]
[...] One case that explains this situation is BBC v BSB Ltd regarding football match during the world cup. The BBC had the exclusive broadcast rights in the UK. The BSB Ltd showed some reports of the games and, it was accompanied with acknowledge of the source of the film. In that case, the Court held that it was fair dealing, and it was not a copying of the previous broadcast. the others defences 3. Education Education is a special case for copyright, and it is foreseen by the Copyright Act 1988, under Sections 32-36. [...]
[...] Authorship and Ownership of Copyright The knowledge or the owner of the copyright is very important for the questions about the mechanisms for exploiting this right. The ownership and the authorship are two different concepts which are important to distinguish Authorship This author is the person who creates the work. For some works, this person is obvious (for example, the writer of a book is the author). For some types of works, some explications of authorship must be given. These are given by the Copyright Act 1988. [...]
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