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Thème juridique : Constitutional Reform Act

  
Constitutional Reform Act

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10 déc. 2008
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L'encadrement juridictionnel du pouvoir politique sous la Ve République

Fiche - 3 pages - Droit constitutionnel

La Ve République française voit un nouvel organe institutionnalisé par sa constitution de 1958 : le Conseil Constitutionnel. En effet, avant 1958, un tel organe, composé de neuf membres désignés par les plus hautes autorités de l'Etat (Président de la République, Président de l'Assemblée...

19 avril 2008
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La transition en France d'une protection des libertés par la loi à une protection des libertés contre la loi

Dissertation - 4 pages - Droit civil

Le professeur de droit administratif Frédéric Rolin a justifié la fin du légicentrisme en France en déclarant : « La révérence envers la souveraineté nationale,qui a longtemps justifié que l'on ne puisse contrôler la loi qui en était l'expression, exige au contraire aujourd'hui ce contrôle,car...

08 juil. 2010
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The codecision procedure

Dissertation - 3 pages - Droit européen

The article 251 of the European Community and the article 189 b of the European Treaty are the landmarks in European history, as they settled the co decision procedure and therefore put forward the European parliament. The European Parliament used to be the poor parent of the European...

19 mai 2008
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Le contrôle de constitutionnalité des lois aux Etats Unis

Dissertation - 21 pages - Droit constitutionnel

Traitant des juges, Eugène V. Rostow déclare au début des années 1960 : « Leurs décisions peuvent ( … ) s'avérer, avec l'appui de la sagesse après coup, avoir été justes ou fausses, - une participation créative ou erronée d'un principe jusqu'alors insensé ». C'est ainsi que le contrôle de...

06 Nov. 2019
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L'Amérique latine comme terrain d'expérimentation d'un nouveau droit constitutionnel

Dissertation - 9 pages - Droit constitutionnel

Professeur à l'Université de Los Andes de Bogotá, Daniel Bonilla Maldonado a récemment reproché aux développements de droit comparé d'être biaisés par des facteurs autres que juridiques, non pris en compte par la matière. L'un de ces principaux éléments discordants entre l'étude...

05 Mars 2009
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Qu'est-ce qu'une Constitution ? - publié le 05/03/2009

Dissertation - 9 pages - Droit constitutionnel

"Constitution", un mot que tout le monde connait, du constitutionaliste le plus brillant au simple profane entendant constamment parler de réforme de la Constitution comme de respect de la Constitution. Mais, qu'est-ce réellement une Constitution ? Un texte, une norme, un ensemble de normes ?...

29 Sept. 2010
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Le Conseil constitutionnel assure-t-il une garantie satisfaisante des droits fondamentaux ?

Cours - 4 pages - Droit constitutionnel

Diderot, l'un des directeurs de L'Encyclopédie et Rousseauiste, a affirmé que « la volonté générale était toujours bonne, et qu'elle ne se trompe jamais ». Ces propos, rigoureusement suivis à partir de la chute de l'Ancien Régime, reflètent la tension autour du sujet du contrôle...

03 déc. 2010
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Le contrôle de constitutionnalité des lois

Cours - 4 pages - Droit autres branches

C'est avec l'avènement de la Vème République en 1958 et la création du Conseil constitutionnel que commença à se développer en France le contrôle de la constitutionalité des lois. Auparavant, conformément à la tradition rousseauiste, la loi était considérée comme une règle de droit...

29 mai 2010
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Primacy / Supremacy of European Community Law against Sovereignty of the Member States

Mémoire - 25 pages - Droit européen

Today the European Union (EU) consists of 27 Member States; it reaches from the Atlantic coast of Western Europe all the way to the Black Sea of Eastern Europe. In the European Union, the most important and closest collaboration between the Member States happens via the European Community (EC)....

07 Mars 2011
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Community and the French constitution

Thèse - 4 pages - Droit constitutionnel

This quotation makes truly central the question of the relations between Community Law and national laws. Community Law enjoys the privilege of primacy over national laws, as a result of the Costa judgment of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) in 1964. In contrast with ordinary international...

28 Nov. 2001
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Les conventions de la constitution dans le système français : Félicien Lemaire

Fiche de lecture - 9 pages - Droit constitutionnel

Issues du système anglais, les « constitutional conventions » sont des règles non écrites permettant de passer du système monarchique au système parlementaire. Ce sont, d'après les constitutionnalistes anglais, des règles qui ne font pas partie de la constitution légale, mais régissent...

15 Oct. 2015
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The situation of the European Union legal system with regard to international agreements

Dissertation - 3 pages - Droit européen

"The EU Member States may be divided into those whose legal order is monist and those whose legal order is dualist." In monist States, once an international agreement has been agreed to, its entering into force in the international legal order entails its entering into force in the national legal...

26 Janv. 2009
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Courts, unelected tyrants and public forums

Dissertation - 6 pages - Droit constitutionnel

In 2000, during the American presidential elections, the role of the Supreme Court was highly contested. Indeed, it consists of a majority of judges appointed by republican presidents and it decided to stop counting the voices manually in contested towns in Florida and George Bush won the...

28 Oct. 2009
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How far, if at all, does it matter that the United Kingdom does not have a written constitution?

Dissertation - 2 pages - Droit européen

Today, the majority of states have written constitutions. It is generally seen as a prerequisite for any new state. They arise due to political events, such as the one formulated in 1793 consequent to the French Revolution. In a state with a written constitution, that one document is the supreme...

16 avril 2008
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The Supreme Court of the United States : a single institution in its kind

Dissertation - 6 pages - Droit autres branches

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the judiciary. Established in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States, the Supreme Court is at the same time, the referee of legal...

19 juin 2009
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The U.S. supreme court: powers and limits

Dissertation - 2 pages - Droit international

Article III of the United States Constitution was the first to provide for a federal judiciary, namely the Supreme Court. The power of this Court was detailed and enshrined in the Constitution by the Founding Fathers. However, its authority has since been widely extended by the power of judicial...

11 Oct. 2000
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The New Constitutionalism

Dissertation - 5 pages - Droit européen

This essay is divided in two parts. In the first section, we will describe the influence of the European court of Justice on the evolution as observed by Weiler. In the latter half of the essay, we will try to view this theory from a critical bent of mind and relate this concept as an...

16 Janv. 2008
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Influence of media and legal institutions on one another

Dissertation - 6 pages - Droit international

This essay aims at showing the necessary but dangerous interactivity existing between media and legal institutions: each of them need to be independent but in the same time they both need each other. The following pages will answer the subsequent problem: can legal institutions resist the media...

01 juil. 2009
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Presidency of India

Étude de cas - 6 pages - Droit constitutionnel

The President of India is the head of State as the first citizen of India, and has therefore an important role to play in the political system. He has special duties and powers, which give him importance in the Indian political life. This function first appeared with the Indian Constitution that...

04 févr. 2010
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To what degree does the Supreme Court have a 'political' role? And in what 'political' direction have the most recent courts taken the Supreme Court?

Étude de cas - 6 pages - Droit international

The judiciary, from the nature of its functions, will always be the least dangerous' in the department of power. This opinion, formulated by Alexander Hamilton in the Federalist papers, relies on a restrictive vision of the role of judges, considered as 'mouths of the law'. According...

07 déc. 2010
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Etude du conflit israélopalestinien : quête d'une paix durable basée sur le droit international

Mémoire - 55 pages - Droit international

Pour réaliser un mémoire en droit international public, il fallait un exemple fort. Un exemple qui recelait différentes grandes problématiques qui soient intéressantes à étudier. Le conflit israélo?palestinien nous a semblé être, à ses dépens, une illustration très marquante qui met en péril la...

15 avril 2011
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"The O'Connor Court: America's most powerful Jurist" by Jeffrey Rosen

Fiche de lecture - 5 pages - Droit international

This is an article written by Jeffrey Rosen, who is a law professor. It's a slightly critics article in which he tries to show the advantages Justice O'Connor brought to the Court and it also strongly criticizes her decision-making process, her view of the Court in general, he...

26 févr. 2012
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Essay on human rights

Dissertation - 10 pages - Droit international

"Imagine that you are creating a fabric of human destiny with the object of making men happy in the end [...], but that it was essential and inevitable to torture to death only one tiny creature [...], would you consent to be the architect on those conditions?". There, Fyodor Dostoevsky asked...

26 mai 2002
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Jurors vs Judges: a power and knowledge issue

Dissertation - 8 pages - Droit autres branches

The jury system in the United States has been subject to a lot of controversy. Most Americans still support the basic concept of the jury trial, especially in criminal cases, where the juries are composed of average citizens as an important bulwark against the potential tyranny of the government....

16 Janv. 2008
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Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza case analysis

Commentaire d'arrêt - 4 pages - Droit autres branches

In the United Kingdom, where there is no written Constitution, the section 3 of the Human Rights Act 1998 has given the courts the prerogative to read and give effect to statutes “in a way which is compatible with the Convention rights ”. If it cannot be done so, the section 4(2)...

15 Mars 2011
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Théorie de l'état : l'Etat, la Constitution, la démocratie

Cours - 54 pages - Droit autres branches

L'Etat est une création humaine. Il n'y a d'Etat que là où vivent des populations. Tout individu est rattaché à une communauté étatique. On peut faire un Etat avec une population nombreuse et d'autres avec une population plus réduite. La question de quantité de population est...

24 juil. 2008
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The politics of international Human Rights Law

Dissertation - 5 pages - Droit international

The point of this essay is the observation of Human rights concerning some currents issues of International relations and social and political disorder; for example, in Tibet where it has been thought that the enforcement of some standards of Human rights would protect the Tibetans from the...

19 juin 2009
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Race and the U.S. constitution

Dissertation - 2 pages - Libertés publiques

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) is often considered as one of the "most important Supreme Court cases in American history" because it outlawed de jure racial segregation in public education, thus overturning the "separate but equal" doctrine maintained since Plessy v Ferguson (1896)....

31 août 2006
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What are the challenges facing the EU in its attempts to establish democratic institutional structures ?

Dissertation - 7 pages - Droit européen

Democratic deficit of the European Union has been a long-standing debate. The statement by the European Commission summarizes this fact. "It is time to recognize that the European Union has moved from a diplomatic to a democratic process, with policies that reach deep into national societies and...

08 Mars 2007
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What are the main differences between the civil and the common law systems ?

Dissertation - 5 pages - Droit européen

The majority of legal authors divide the legal systems of the world into two mains groups : the common law on one hand, and the civil law on the other hand . The most interesting is that when you try to find definitions for those words, you often find the basic definition, and then, as a...