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.doc
25 févr. 2002

Evaluate the developing case law of the Court of Justice with respect to its application of the principle of State liability to situations in which a Member state has failed to fulfil its obligations concerning the transposition of a Directive into nation

Dissertation de 6 pages - Droit européen

In the first part, I shall debate that the immediate consequence of the directives and article 228 were the first steps taken by the court with respect to the application of a state liability. In the second part, I shall explain the context and consequences of the application of the state...

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11 avril 2007

The differences between English case law and the French concept of « jurisprudence »

Dissertation de 2 pages - Droit autres branches

To begin, we can notice two concepts concerning the value granted to the decisions delivered by the jurisdictions of a state: indeed, states which use Common law (like the Great Britain or the United States of America), the concept of case law is preferred whereas in states...

.doc
28 avril 2008

Human Rights Law: Essay on the Human Rights Act

Dissertation de 4 pages - Droit autres branches

The State's "margin of appreciation" doctrine is a fundamental component of the European Convention system of Protection of Human Rights. While human rights are not a state's private area of jurisdiction, the idea of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is that this statute differences...

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17 Janv. 2010

English legal system: the Sources of English Law

Cours de 87 pages - Droit constitutionnel

The judicial decisions are the first to be found to develop a system. Today, they are still influencing the system as a whole. Judicial decisions have a weight that their continental counter part does not have. In England, under certain requirements, decisions are biding the judge with the...

.doc
14 mai 2007

Has the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 gone far enough in reforming the English law of privacy?

Dissertation de 5 pages - Droit des affaires

Under the doctrine of privacy, which became entrenched in English law in the latter half of the 19th century , contractual rights and liabilities are limited to the parties to the contract. The mounting criticisms and arguments for reform have led to the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties)...

.doc
23 déc. 2009

Common law, statute law et equity - structure et articulation des diverses sources du droit américain

Dissertation de 9 pages - Droit international

Le système juridique américain semble à première vue quelque peu curieux pour une personne issue de la tradition civiliste du droit. Il se dit être un système de common law, c'est-à-dire où le droit est celui fait par les juges (plus précisément l’on parle de case...

.doc
08 Mars 2007

What are the main differences between the civil and the common law systems ?

Dissertation de 5 pages - Droit européen

The majority of legal authors divide the legal systems of the world into two mains groups : the common law on one hand, and the civil law on the other hand . The most interesting is that when you try to find definitions for those words, you often find the basic definition, and then,...

.doc
21 févr. 2011

Contract Law : A review

Fiche de 8 pages - Droit civil

What is a Contract? A contract is a legally enforceable agreement between two or more parties with mutual obligations. It’s essentially a case law subject, i.e.,interpretations are made by judges while deciding on the legal issues....

.doc
24 mai 2008

A critical analysis of the provisions made in family law for homosexual couples in Scotland and France with particular reference to adult relationships

Dissertation de 7 pages - Droit pénal

The Homosexuality is not anymore a painful problem and in our days people speak easily about their homosexuality. The Homosexuality is severely condemned in sacred texts that approach questions link to procreation, the family model, filiations and for which, homosexuality is against nature. For...

.doc
29 mai 2010

Primacy / Supremacy of European Community Law against Sovereignty of the Member States

Mémoire de 25 pages - Droit européen

Today the European Union (EU) consists of 27 Member States; it reaches from the Atlantic coast of Western Europe all the way to the Black Sea of Eastern Europe. In the European Union, the most important and closest collaboration between the Member States happens via the European Community (EC)....

.doc
07 févr. 2010

Advanced legal search and writing on the case of Gregg v Scott [2005] U K H L 2 and a discussion on the concept and outcome of including a so called Romalpa Clause in a contract as a form of security for a debt

Étude de cas de 9 pages - Droit international

A lot of people don't recognise writing is a craft. You have to take your apprenticeship in it as in anything else. What is true for an author is true for a lawyer. Legal Research and Writing is indeed a subject one has to apprentice in, in order to be able to later practice it properly. The goal...

.doc
04 juil. 2012

Critical assessment of the contribution of Rome II to the subject of choice of law in tort

Étude de cas de 12 pages - Droit des affaires

The Rome II Regulation on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations(hereafter referred to as “Rome II”) was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council on July 11th 2007. It was the result of a long process that started in 1967 with the preparation of the Rome...

.doc
08 Mars 2007

Competition Law

Dissertation de 6 pages - Droit européen

The area of EC Competition Law has experienced major structural and substantial changes over the past two decades. The last decade of reforms of EC Competition Law is often cited as the « modernisation process » . Since competition rules always apply to a « market », this notion...

.doc
25 avril 2008

Essay on the Rome Convention on the law applicable to contractual obligations

Dissertation de 14 pages - Droit européen

The Rome Convention on the Law applicable to contractual obligations “applies to contractual obligations in any situation involving a choice between the laws of different countries.” The scope of the Convention is therefore clear; its aim is to regulate contractual...

.doc
21 Sept. 2010

Cases study - Gebhard, Vlassopoulo and Klopp

Étude de cas de 9 pages - Droit européen

Case 1 - Mr. Gebhard was a German lawyer: he was a member of the Stuttgart Bar as ‘independent collaborator’ and did not have any chamber there. He pursued a professional activity in Italy since 1978, initially as a collaborator in a set of chambers of lawyers practising in...

.doc
30 Janv. 2008

Parenthood in French law and filiation

Dissertation de 9 pages - Droit de la famille

The purpose of this paper is first to understand French parenthood, namely the way to be the legal father or mother of a child. Investigating further, we will see whether the current legislation is modern enough or not, which will be our main question. Indeed, some scholars and politicians think...

.doc
25 févr. 2002

To what extent does the history of Community competition law mirror the history of the Community itself ?

Dissertation de 5 pages - Droit européen

To evaluate how community competition law reflects the integration process and the history of the Community in general, I shall demonstrate in a first part that community competition law was first strongly influenced by the development of the Union, then I shall explain why it is...

.doc
10 mai 2010

Public international law - the problems associated with the proliferation of international judicial bodies

Dissertation de 7 pages - Droit international

Since the end of the Cold War, a new phenomenon in international law has surfaced: the proliferation of international judicial bodies as a consequence of the increasing number of treaties. More than just a numeral observation, there have been changes concerning the nature and competences...

.doc
11 Oct. 2000

The Relationship between international law of human rights and international law applicable to armed conflict

Dissertation de 9 pages - Droit international

In the modern scenario, the protection of human rights has found its rightful place in international law. It has been a revolutionary reform, as it had no significant place a few decades ago. The international law applicable to armed conflicts (also called international humanitarian...

.doc
28 Nov. 2009

Constitutional and administrative law

Dissertation de 4 pages - Droit constitutionnel

The rule of law' is a system of rule in which the relationship between the State and the individual is governed by the law, protecting the individual from arbitrary state action.The rule of law is better understood by translating it into French as 'primauté du droit'. Since...

.doc
18 mai 2009

How European Law Is Made?

Fiche de 1 pages - Droit européen

The European Union was created in 1992 by the Maastricht treaty. It is a structure which includes the European Community and its law which is by far the most important of EU laws and deals with economic and social rights. In addition to it, other sources of law complete the...

.doc
04 juil. 2012

Assessing the impact of parental marital status in relation to Irish child law: should Constitution be amended?

Étude de cas de 10 pages - Droit des affaires

“It cannot be contested that a person born outside marriage, is a human person, equal to one born within marriage” . In this statement, Justice Walsh points out the differential treatment between marital and non-marital children which is derived from the Irish Constitution. By letting...

.doc
28 avril 2008

European union law

Dissertation de 4 pages - Droit autres branches

According to the European Court of Justice, the ability to review the legality of Community Acts is a part of "the complete system of legal remedies and procedures designed to permit the Court of Justice to review the legality of measures adopted by the institutions". Following article 230(2) of...

.doc
02 Janv. 2008

cases">"An English court should solve problems of characterisation by applying the only concepts with which it is familiar, namely those of the forum." Discuss the proposition critically with reference to decided cases

Dissertation de 7 pages - Droit autres branches

The English conflict of laws is a body of rules whose purpose is to assist an English court to deal with cases tried before it which contain a foreign element. It consists of three main topics: (i) the jurisdiction of an English court, in the sense of its competence to hear and...

.doc
12 avril 2007

Discuss the analysis and significance of the abduction and trial of Eichmann from an international law perspective, with reference to legal writing

Dissertation de 8 pages - Droit international

First, we will discuss whether the principle known as "the fruit of the poisonous tree? in the United States must be applied to the abduction of Adolf Eichmann or not. The violation of International law was "clear? according to Louis Henkin in 1968 but one cannot deny that the end...

.doc
18 avril 2010

Family Law: Comparison France Vs. China

Dissertation de 20 pages - Droit de la famille

During the last century, the Chinese government decided to abolish the old family system and establish a new family idea: the socialist family system (the Marriage Code of 1950). This marked a turning point in Chinese common law and the beginning of a new family way of thinking. With this...

.doc
28 avril 2010

Conflict of laws and Crossborder litigation - The slavery issue and the conflict of laws

Dissertation de 6 pages - Histoire du droit

In the field of the conflict of laws, slavery is often perceived as the most difficult question which the courts had to face. Indeed, it is hard to have an indifferent view on the issue, as it involves matters of philosophical, humanitarian, moral, political and economic considerations,...

.doc
09 déc. 2005

Implementation of European Law in a federal state: The Belgian case between coherence and autonomy

Fiche de 9 pages - Droit européen

‘Ultimately the impact of EU rules depends on the willingness and capacity of Member States authorities to ensure that they are transposed and enforced effectively and fully and on time’ (Graver) . This statement from the European Commission in its White Paper on Governance deals with...

.doc
03 juil. 2007

Abortion linked to international trade law

Dissertation de 12 pages - Droit international

There are different kinds and different methods of abortion nowadays. The spontaneous abortion, caused by natural causes, the elective abortion, the therapeutic abortion, which deals with the safety of the physical or mental health of women and the induced abortion, practices deliberately for...

.doc
03 mai 2010

law" et la "roman law"">Le juge aux États-Unis - la "common law" et la "roman law"

Dissertation de 15 pages - Droit constitutionnel

Les observateurs extérieurs au droit des États-Unis ne le connaissent parfois que par le biais des représentations filmiques et télévisées. Ainsi, il n’est souvent pas nécessaire d’être juriste américain pour connaître le fameux droit de garder le silence qui revient à celui que...